Covid-19 and the Gig Economy: Hope Springs Eternal

He wants to work Monday nights but not Tuesday afternoons; she is available on Saturday evenings but not on Sunday mornings… Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises often find it challenging to recruit part-time workers, with abundant choices available to gig workers in different sectors, but the pandemic has vividly demonstrated the nature and depth of insecurity of this form of... Continue Reading →

‘Your driver is DiDi and minutes away from your pick-up point’: A thematic case of DiDi and worker motivation in the gig economy of China

In recognition of importance and expansion of the gig economy, largely indeveloped and BRICs economies along with the growing literature surrounding it, this research contributes towards an empirical and conceptual understanding of how employee motivation and retention are managed by the mobile-app based multiple payment-enabled carpooling Chinese giant DiDi. Both the exponential usage and evidently... Continue Reading →

Corporate Social Responsibility, Human Rights and Clothing Workers in Bangladesh and Malaysia

The brand-name fashion industry creates high levels of competition in developing countries, leading to labour exploitation and human rights abuse. The 2013 World Investment Report found that pushing prices down in global value chains has led to “significant negative social and environmental impacts”. In response, fashion corporations and retail giants introduced codes of conduct to... Continue Reading →

Sex Trafficking to the Federated Malay States 1920–1940: From Migration for Prostitution to Victim or Criminal?

This article analyses the relationships between the colonial government in the Federated Malay States (FMS), international social movement organisations, the League of Nations and sex trafficking. While there is considerable scholarship on social movement organisations and the League of Nations, far less is known about the links between internationalism, colonialism and sex trafficking. After the... Continue Reading →

Attitudes towards asylum seekers: Understanding differences between rural and urban areas.

This paper examines spatial differences in the attitudes of the public towards asylum seekers using data from the British Social Attitudes Survey. Initial analysis reveals some statistically significant variations across geographical areas, with people living in London, the South East of England and Scotland displaying the most tolerant views. The spatial variations are then further... Continue Reading →

The Nexus Between the COVID-19 Pandemic, International Relations, and International Security

Michael S. Baker, M.D. - Rear Admiral, USN (ret), Dr Sebastian Kevany and Dr Deon Canyon and Professor Robert Ostergard Security Nexus: Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies The extent to which other related global relationships, national entities, and supranational organizations have performed in the current case will only be clear in retrospect:... Continue Reading →

The intersection of global health, military medical intelligence, and national security in the management of transboundary hazards and outbreaks

Michael S. Baker, M.D. - Rear Admiral, USN (ret), Dr Sebastian Kevany and Dr Deon Canyon and Jacob Baker Security Nexus: Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies The COVID-19 pandemic-induced, shocking collapse of national and international trade, air travel, and tourism have rocked the world, and brought into stark relief the need for... Continue Reading →

Urgent Policies Required to Grant Public Access to Protected Health Information during Emergency Disease Outbreaks and Pandemics

Dr Sebastian Kevany and Dr Deon Canyon Security Nexus: Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies While some believe that contact tracing apps produce benefits as soon as users increase above 10 percent of a population, there remain PHI-related shortcomings in these approaches because such apps do not actually measure the circumstances that are... Continue Reading →

Enabling the sharing of original, timely and creative macro and micro level response concepts, systems, and ideas

Dr. Sebastian Kevany Written for the Irish Global Health Network In the opinion of one who has witnessed, and participated in, responses to numerous public health emergencies (PHEs) and epidemic outbreaks throughout the world for many years — from Cholera in Zimbabwe; to Ebola in Sierra Leone; to multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in Iraq; to all... Continue Reading →

Health Security Considerations to Improve the Efficiency and Cost-Effectiveness of Ireland’s Future Infectious Disease and Epidemic Control Efforts

Dr. Sebastian Kevany Written for the Irish Global Health Network Retrospect is easy, and Ireland’s successes in epidemic control should not be understated: the shape of the country’s mortality curve without interventions compared to what has been achieved would make for interesting viewing, were it possible to hypothesize such a counterfactual. But there nonetheless perhaps... Continue Reading →

A Toolkit for Women Migrant Workers’ Empowerment in Malaysia: Meeting Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs

Malaysia continues to be one of the largest importers of labour in Asia. Women migrant workers constitute a significant workforce in its manufacturing, service and domestic sectors. It is estimated that women constitute almost 40 percent of its migrant population today. Women migrant workers work under severe and punitive conditions in Malaysia, with few rights... Continue Reading →

Advocacy for women migrant workers in Malaysia through an intersectionality lens

Analysing labour migration through the lens of intersectionality provides valuable insights into the complex identities of women migrant workers and the multiple discriminations they struggle with. Intersectionality advocates argue that only through adopting such an approach can women’s multiple discriminations be challenged. Drawing on a case study of seven non-governmental organisations and one focus group... Continue Reading →

Estimating the Impact of Traineeships

Final Report for the Department for Education:Traineeships are an education and training programme that provide young people aged 16-24 with an intensive period of work experience and work preparation training, as well as offering them support in improving their English and maths, to give them the best opportunity of entering an apprenticeship or employment. This... Continue Reading →

Which Way Huawei? ISDS Options for Chinese Investors

This chapter explores how recent moves by western nations to restrict the involvement of Chinese multinational Huawei in 5G telecoms development could give rise to investor state dispute settlement (ISDS) actions. China has been increasing its outgoing foreign investment and is now a player with global aspirations as evidenced in the Belt and Road Initiative... Continue Reading →

Improving Financial Inclusion through the delivery of cash transfer programmes

This paper follows a quasi-experimental research design to assess the impact of the electronic payment system of Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera (POP) programme. The switch from cash payments to electronic payments delivered via savings accounts is found to have medium-term effects on savings decisions, transaction costs, and coping strategies. Overall, the study finds that, following the intervention,... Continue Reading →

‘Belt and Road’: The ‘China Dream’?

This paper explores the impact of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), in terms of changes in trade costs and investment, on trade and consumer welfare in China, the EU, and the rest of the World. We employ a general equilibrium structural gravity approach, where the production side is modeled using mobile capital flows. Our... Continue Reading →

Geographic Protest: The Role of Counter-Mapping in Supporting Campaigns Against Large-Scale Extractive Projects in Colombia: The Case of La Colosa

In a few short years, social movements in Cajamarca, Colombia, were able to convince a once divided community almost unanimously to reject the establishment of the world’s largest gold mine on their doorstep. This paper examines the role of contestatory cartography in achieving this remarkable result. It explores the range of mapping and counter-mapping tools used... Continue Reading →

Indigenous medicine and biomedical health care in fragile settings: insights from Burundi

This study contributes to the health policy debate on medical systems integration by describing and analysing the interactions between health-care users, indigenous healers, and the biomedical public health system, in the so far rarely documented case of post-conflict Burundi. We adopt a mixed-methods approach combining (1) data from an existing survey on access to health-care,... Continue Reading →

Gold, power, protest: Digital and social media and protests against large-scale mining projects in Colombia

Colombia’s Internet connectivity has increased immensely. Colombia has also ‘opened for business’, leading to an influx of extractive projects to which social movements object heavily. Studies on the role of digital media in political mobilisation in developing countries are still scarce. Using surveys, interviews, and reviews of literature, policy papers, website and social media content,... Continue Reading →

What works to improve the quality of student learning in developing countries?

We conducted a systematic review to identify policy interventions that improve education quality and student learning in developing countries. Relying on a theory of change typology, we highlight three main drivers of change of education quality: (1) supply-side capability interventions that operate through the provision of physical and human resources, and learning materials; (2) policies... Continue Reading →

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